Dubai travel guide



Dubai Travel Guide

The Al Maktoum Dynasty

Dubai Village According to the records, Dubai was born as a city in 1799. In the early 19th century, the Al Abu Falasa dynasty of Bani Yas clan took the creek, and converted it into an area dependent of the settlement of Abu Dhabi until 1833.

In 1820, the sheikh of Dubai along with other regional sheikhs signed with Britain the "General Maritime Peace Treaty". 13 years later, the Al Maktoum dynasty (also descendants of the Bani Yas clan) departed from Liwa Oasis and captured Dubai, founding and ruling the independent emirate of today. Since its creation, Dubai was in constantly confrontation with the emirate of Abu Dhabi while suffered attempts of pirateís invasions, including the celebrated Qawasim attack that was thwarted like all other.

In 1835, Dubai and the rest of the Trucial States (Trucial Oman) signed a maritime treaty with Britain and two decades later a Perpetual Maritime Truce. Dubai came under the protection of the United Kingdom (to defend the town against any attack from the Ottoman Turks) by the Exclusive Agreement of 1892. Two years later, Dubai allowed a full tax exemption for foreign merchants attracting first Persian traders, but then agents from the entire world.

This liberal position augmented the commercial activity of Dubai and neighboring places like Abu Dhabi and Sharjah, which took advantage of its strategic location on the route to India. By the end of the century Dubai boasted the largest souks in the Gulf Coast with 350 shops just in Deira.

Two catastrophes occurred during the 19th century. A smallpox epidemic in the Bur Dubai locality in 1841, forcing inhabitants to move east to Deira; and in 1894 a fire swept throughout Deira, burning down the majority of the town.

In 1903, the Dubaiís ruler persuaded a major British steamship line to build a big port of call that brought 25 years of prosperity based on the pearl exportation industry, until 1930.

The population of the town in the early 20th century was 10, 000 (roughly a quarter of the residents was foreign) but the success produced by the relaxed trade environment generated a boom town's populace double to 20,000 in the first decades of the 20th century and transformed the little town into a worthy competitor of Abu Dhabi.

Dubai History

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